Magnetic particles

This example demonstrates how to include particles with non-zero magnetization. The sample consist on magnetic spherical particles embedded in the substrate of a simple 2-layer system. The beam is polarized and the analysis focuses on the spin-flip channel.

A more detailed description of this example can be found in the Magnetic Particles Tutorial.

The figure shows the intensity map produced by the script below.

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#!/usr/bin/env python3
"""
Simulation demo: magnetic spheres in substrate
"""
import bornagain as ba
from bornagain import deg, nm, kvector_t


def get_sample():
    """
    Returns a sample with magnetic spheres in the substrate.
    """

    # Define materials
    magnetic_field = kvector_t(0, 0, 10000000)
    material_Particle = ba.HomogeneousMaterial("Particle", 2e-05, 4e-07,
                                               magnetic_field)
    material_Substrate = ba.HomogeneousMaterial("Substrate", 7e-06, 1.8e-07)
    material_Vacuum = ba.HomogeneousMaterial("Vacuum", 0.0, 0.0)

    # Define form factors
    ff = ba.FormFactorFullSphere(5.0*nm)

    # Define particles
    particle = ba.Particle(material_Particle, ff)
    particle_position = kvector_t(0.0*nm, 0.0*nm, -10.0*nm)
    particle.setPosition(particle_position)

    # Define particle layouts
    layout = ba.ParticleLayout()
    layout.addParticle(particle, 1.0)
    layout.setWeight(1)
    layout.setTotalParticleSurfaceDensity(0.01)

    # Define layers
    layer_1 = ba.Layer(material_Vacuum)
    layer_2 = ba.Layer(material_Substrate)
    layer_2.addLayout(layout)

    # Define sample
    sample = ba.MultiLayer()
    sample.addLayer(layer_1)
    sample.addLayer(layer_2)

    return sample


def get_simulation(sample):
    beam = ba.Beam(1e+12, 0.1*nm, ba.Direction(0.5*deg, 0*deg))
    beam_polarization = kvector_t(0.0, 0.0, 1.0)
    beam.setPolarization(beam_polarization)
    detector = ba.SphericalDetector(200, 6*deg, 0*deg, 3*deg)
    simulation = ba.GISASSimulation(beam, sample, detector)
    analyzer_direction = kvector_t(0.0, 0.0, -1.0)
    simulation.setAnalyzerProperties(analyzer_direction, 1.0, 0.5)
    return simulation


if __name__ == '__main__':
    import ba_plot
    sample = get_sample()
    simulation = get_simulation(sample)
    ba_plot.run_and_plot(simulation)
MagneticSpheres.py